During a late February presentation, Jane Lubchenco, a distinguished professor in the Oregon State University College of Science, shared lessons about ways “to use the ocean without using it up.”
In her presentation, the OSU professor pointed out that achieving the long-term potential of blue growth — sustainable management of our oceans — will require aligning short- and long-term economic incentives to achieve a diverse mix of benefits.
“Blue growth refers to long-term strategies for supporting sustainable growth in the marine and maritime sectors as a whole,” she said.
That philosophy is to be seen in the designation of the Cape Falcon Marine Preserve, which celebrated its first birthday a little over one year ago.
At 12.4 square miles, Cape Falcon, along the coast from Manzanita to Falcon Cove, is the second largest of Oregon’s five marine reserves, where ocean development and removal of sea life are prohibited.
“They mean no take, no development, no ocean animal or plant can be removed, and nothing can be developed there without a scientific permit,” Friends of Cape Falcon Reserve Coordinator Chrissy Smith said this month. “Cape Falcon unites land and marine conservation.”
The reserve is located in the ocean just off the northern coast between Falcon Cove and Manzanita. Cape Falcon is one of five marine reserves in the state — Cascade Head, Otter Rock, Cape Perpetua and Redfish Rock are the others.
A month after its debut, Cape Falcon played host to a statewide summit, with experts weighing in on our changing ocean habitat. More than 80 state agencies, wildlife and conservation groups, professors, volunteers and civic leaders joined in “A Tide Change: Inspiring Engagement in Oregon ‘s Marine Reserves.”
As director of the Science of Marine Reserves Project at Oregon State University, Kirsten Grorud-Colvert presented evidence that within 124 marine reserves the mass of animals and plants increased 446 percent on average after protections, the number of animals and plants in an area increased 166 percent, animals’ body sizes increased 28 percent and the number of species increased 21 percent. Heavily fished species increased most dramatically.
Anne Nelson, of the Marine Protected Areas Center, a partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and U.S. Department of the Interior, encouraged the growth of “sustainable tourism.”
“We have this unbelievably beautiful resource that people want to see,” Nelson said. “How can we let people in, but still make sure areas are protected?”
Avian Conservation Manager Joe Liebezeit of the Audubon Society of Portland heralded the diverse bird population which could benefit from marine protections.
A community volunteer at Newport’s Otter Rock, Karen Driscoll, said Cape Falcon was “outstanding” because of its diversity, with “something of everything: grasslands, forest, rocky headwater.”
Could Cape Falcon fulfill its goals without compromising an economy dedicated to tourism?
Ten years ago, fishermen were concerned about the impact of placing land off-limits to fishing in protected areas.
“There are areas there that haven’t been touched with any kind of gear,” a commercial trawler said at a hearing reported in The Daily Astorian in 2008. “For them to say we need more area to study seems like a back door approach to adding more restrictions.”
Today, Cape Falcon Marine Reserve is off-limits to fishing up to the low tide line and all rocky intertidal areas in the marine reserve are protected. “Fishermen are respecting that rule,” Smith said.
Tamara Mautner, owner of Garibaldi Deep Sea Fishing, brings deep-sea fishing enthusiasts up the North Coast.
Cape Falcon Marine Reserve has “not really had a whole lot of a lot of effect in terms of taking away our fishing grounds,” Mautner said. Fishermen were more impacted by restrictions at reserves along the central and southern coasts, Mautner said. Cape Falcon’s designation did take away “a couple of places we like to fish sometimes, but nothing that’s our main bread and butter.”
“If it helps people feel they’re doing something good, that’s great,” Mautner said. “We all want there to be a lot of fish out there — us maybe more than anybody, because we depend on it. The main thing that’s happening right now is we’re trying to make sure our fishing grounds don’t get taken away any further than they have been.”
Connected to the reserve are two 7.6-mile marine protected areas, where some fishing activities are allowed.
Cannon Beach Chamber of Commerce Executive Director Court Carrier said he had seen “no pushback” from visitors seeking to fish North Coast waters.
“If we had more of a diversified economy, and we had a lot of fishing boats or a marina, we’d hear about it a lot,” Carrier said. “I don’t think it’s impacting people’s ability to make a living out there on the ocean.”
As early as 2009, then chamber director Jeffrey Jewel labeled ecotourism “one of the big boom businesses of the future.”
In a spring 2015 presentation to the Cannon Beach City Council, Friends of the Cape Falcon Reserve volunteer chairwoman Nadia Gardner called ecotourism a “burgeoning market.”
“We’ll see if we will get charter boats or ecotourism,” Gardner said. “I’d love that.”
“It’s one of our missions for the chamber of commerce and our marketing committee to implement sustainable travel as part of our mantra,” Carrier said last week. “How do we make that connection to the visitor? I think it’s a good thing, but as far as a direct connect right now, it remains to be seen.”
More than 700,000 visitors visited Short Sands Beach last year, Cape Falcon coordinator Smith said.
“The ocean’s big and when you parcel off a portion, without much effort, a marine reserve will become a destination location,” she said. “Our stance is to encourage it, but to encourage people to be conservation-minded while they’re here. We’re trying to take the stance: ‘Please come visit, but let’s talk about the consequences of our choices and actions.’”
Smith said she foresees speakers’ programs, interpretative guides, hikes and even a boat tour.
“We really just want people to be aware it’s there,” Smith said. “It’s such a new marine reserve. A lot of people come and they’re not aware it’s there. We want them to understand know it’s something Oregon is doing.”
For more on this topic, the Haystack Rock Awareness program presents Tommy Swearingen, Ph.D., of Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Marine Resources Program, at the Cannon Beach Library on Wednesday, March 8, at 7 p.m. He will speak on “Oregon Marine Reserves: An Overview of the Human Dimensions Research Program.”